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Geography Important Questions and Answer II Geography questions and answers for competitive exams

 

ExamGKguide.com

Examgkguide.com has collected Geography short notes in English. Which are the most important for competitive exam and which possible to ask in the exam. This latest GK for the competitive exam is very useful for coming to CGL, Railway NTPC, CHSL, and other state's PSC exams.  Examgkguide.com will provide you every day current affairs and Static GK for all competitive exams. So stay continuous with Examgkguide.com. Let's discuss the latest current GK which are most possible to ask in the NTPC exam, CGL EXAM 2021, CHSL EXAM 2021, and most important for all other competitive exams.

Geography questions and answers

Geography Important Questions and Answer II Geography questions and answers for competitive exams II world geography questions and answers pdf II Indian Geography pdf II Geography questions for UPSC prelims pdf.

🔹 The angular distance of the point on the Earth's surface, measured in degrees from the center of the Earth is called?

Lattitude

🔹 The angular distance measured in degrees along the equator, east or west of the Prime Meridian is called?

Longitude

🔹 The line that passes through 180 degrees East or West Meridian of longitude which falls on the opposite side of the Greenwich Meridian is called?

International Date Line

🔹 0 degree longitude that passes through Greenwich near London is called?

Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)

🔹 The 82 and 1/2 degree longitude that passes through Allahabad and is 5 and 1/2 hour ahead of the GMT is called?

Indian Standard Time (IST)

Geography of India and World 🔰

🔸 The position of the Earth in its orbit when it is at the greatest distance from the Sun is called?

Aphelion

🔸 The position of the orbit of the moon when it is at its greatest distance from the Earth is called?

Apogee

🔸 The tropical storm in the Carribean or West Pacific Ocean with extremely strong winds is called?

Hurricane

🔸 The wind which rotates in an anticlock direction in the Northern Hemispher and in a clockwise direction in the Southern Hemisphere is called?

Tornado

🔸 The tidal mouth of a river where the salt water of the tide meets the fresh water of the river current is called?

Estuary

🔸 Lines on the map denoting places experiencing equal baromatic pressure is called?

Isobars

🔸 Lines denoting equal depth in the sea is called?

Isobaths

🔸 The 7th largest country of the world in terms of area is?

India

🔸 The fertile soil generally found in UP, Punjab, Haryana and Bihar is called?

Alluvial soil

🔸 Which soil is suitable for the cultivation of cotton, wheat, oil seeds and tobacco?

Black soil

🔸 Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej are the tributaries of which river?

Indus

🔸 Yamuna, Chambal, Betwa, Sone, Ghagra, Gandak and Gomti are the tributaries of which river?

The Ganges

🔸 Teesta river is the tributary of which river?

Brahmaputra

🔸 On which river Bhakra Nangal Dam is constructed?

Sutlej river in Punjab

🔸 On which river Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is contructed?

Krishna river in Karnataka

🔹 The two days during the year when the day and night are almost equal throughout the world because the sun shines vertically over the equator is called?

Equinox

🔹 The imaginary line that passes through the Earth midway between the North pole and the South pole is called?

Equator

🔹 The imaginary line drawn out on the global map from pole to pole and perpendicular to the Equator is called?

Meridian

🔹 In which part of the Earth's atmosphere is Ozone layer present?

Stratosphere

🔹 Which part of the Earth's atmosphere is suitable for radio communication?

Ionosphere

🔹 Which is the outermost layer of the Earth's atmosphere?

Exosphere

🔹 Study of rock is called?

Petrology

🔹 Granite and Basalt are which type of rocks?

Igneous rocks

🔹 Deposition of organic and non-organic matter over a period of time produces which type of rocks?

Sedimentary rocks

🔹 Igneous and Sedimentary rocks undergo changes due to pressure and change in temperature under the Earth's surface, this change led to the formation of which type of rock?

Metamorphic rock

Types of Rocks

🔹 Sedimentary Rocks

Sedimentary rocks are formed by the deposition of organic and non-organic matter over a period of time.

Sedimentary rocks hold all reserves of coal, oil and natural gas.

Sedimentary rocks often contain fossils.

About 75 percent surface area of the earth is covered by the sedimentary rocks.

Example: Lignite, Coal, Sandstone, Shale.

🔹 Igneous rocks

Igneous rocks forms through the cooling and solidification of magma (molten rock deep inside the earth) or lava.

Igneous rocks made up 85 percent or more of the earth's crust.

Igneous rocks are divided into two main categories:

  Plutonic rock : Example - Granite

  Volcanic rock : Example - Basalt

🔹 Metamorphic Rocks

Due to unfavourable condition of pressure and change in temperature under the earth’s surface Igneous and Sedimentary rocks undergo change. This change leads to the formation of Metamorphic Rocks.

Metamorphic rocks may be classified as foliated or non-foliated.

Metamorphic rocks are divided into two main categories:

  Foliated metamorphic rocks : Example - Mica

  Non-foliated metamorphic rock : Example - Marble and Quartzite

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